Coronal Heating

The Origin of Turbulence in Coronal Loops

September 2010


We present a series of numerical simulations aimed at understanding the nature and origin of turbulence in coronal loops in the framework of the Parker model for coronal heating. A coronal loop is studied via reduced magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations in Cartesian geometry. A uniform and strong magnetic field threads the volume between the two photospheric planes, where a velocity field in the form of a one-dimensional shear flow pattern is present. Initially, the magnetic field that develops in the coronal loop is a simple map of the photospheric velocity field. This initial configuration is unstable to a multiple tearing instability that develops islands with X and O points in the plane orthogonal to the axial field. Once the nonlinear stage sets in the system evolution is characterized by a regime of MHD turbulence dominated by magnetic energy. A well-developed power law in energy spectra is observed and the magnetic field never returns to the simple initial state mapping the photospheric flow. The formation of X and O points in the planes orthogonal to the axial field allows the continued and repeated formation and dissipation of small-scale current sheets where the plasma is heated. We conclude that the observed turbulent dynamics are not induced by the complexity of the pattern that the magnetic field-line footpoints follow but they rather stem from the inherent nonlinear nature of the system.

Access Full Article (via IOP)

Featured Publications

  2016 (1)
Rapid Reconnection and Field Line Topology. Parker, E.; and Rappazzo, A. In Gonzalez, W.; and Parker, E., editor(s), Astrophysics and Space Science Library, volume 427, pages 181, 2016.
doi   bibtex
  2015 (1)
Observations and Analysis of the Non-Radial Propagation of Coronal Mass Ejections Near the Sun. Liewer, P.; Panasenco, O.; Vourlidas, A.; and Colaninno, R. \solphys, 290: 3343-3364. November 2015.
doi   bibtex
  2014 (1)
Apparent Solar Tornado-Like Prominences. Panasenco, O.; Martin, S.; and Velli, M. \solphys, 289: 603-622. February 2014.
doi   bibtex

© 2018 Advanced Heliophysics. Powered by WordPress.

Daily Edition Theme by WooThemes - Premium WordPress Themes